Suffering From Tooth Sensitivity? Know Its Causes and Treatments  

  • Dental Health   •   April 9, 2018

The sun is bright and scorching, and you’ve been working all day long out there. Finally, you are back at home and grab for yourself that icy-cold lemonade, and ouch! There is a shockingly severe pain in your tooth jot!

If the same thing happens to you often, then you are suffering from a major tooth problem – Sensitivity.

Tooth sensitivity is a perennial problem in humans, which is extremely painful, and most of the times unbearable. Not only cold substances but even consuming sweet, hot and simple biting can trigger pain in a sensitive tooth.

Alike other health and oral problems, even sensitivity of tooth accompany lots of reasons and causes. In this post, I will help you sort all the possible reasons and causes for tooth sensitivity. Even I will list the best treatment options that can help you get rid of this problem completely. So that the next time you taste that lemonade or any hot beverage, then all you feel is great flavours and joy!

Tooth Sensitivity – The Nerve behind It!

Each tooth in our mouth is hollow. But this hollow space is occupied by a collection of nerves and blood vessels that connects to the blood vessels and main nerves in the jaw area. This hollow area is called as ‘pulp.’ Besides this, each tooth hosts a hard enamel crown. Underneath the crown is a substance known as ‘dentin.’ This substance is yellowish, softer and houses numerous nerve cells, which are responsible to transmit information to the tooth’s pulp along small tubes. Even dentin is present in the roots of each tooth.

It is this area, where the cause of tooth sensitivity lies. Based on the cause that has affected the area, tooth sensitivity is categorized into different types.

Types of Tooth Sensitivity

  1. Hot
  2. Cold
  3. Force
  4. Acid
  5. Sweet

Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

The main cause of tooth sensitivity is the exposure of dentin from other contributing conditions or ailments, except the sensitivity forces. So, let’s discuss some prominent causes of tooth sensitivity.

  • Dental Decay – The main hallmark of any tooth cavity is cold sensitivity. If tooth decay goes untreated, then this would result in enlargement of the cavity. As a result, it pronounces the sensitivity to cold. The decayed tooth becomes sensitive to sweets. When decay is deep and close to the pulp, then it would result in elicit sensitivity to hot and ultimately throbbing pain.
  • Defective Fillings – Broken, leaked, or loose fillings is another major cause of sensitivity. It is because defective fillings affect the dentin in the same way as a decayed tooth.
  • Fractured Teeth – Sensitivity is one of the symptoms of fractured teeth. In such case, the level of sensitivity would depend on the size of fracture.
  • Periodontal Problems – An infection or problem in the gum tissue exposes the root surface of a tooth. This results in high sensitivity to sweet, cold, acid, while less to hot substances.
  • Cracked Tooth – In some cases, it is possible that a part of the tooth’s crown may fracture. Regular biting on such tooth temporarily opens the hollow space and exposes dentin to external damages. As a result, a person experiences different sensitivities. If left untreated, then this can lead to complete fracture.
  • Orthodontic Treatment – A few patients with braces can experience sensitivity, especially cold.
  • Receding Gums – Dentin of roots can occur because of numerous factors, including improper cleaning of teeth.
  • Impact Sensitivity – This is known as bruxism, or grinding of teeth. Some habits or malocclusion, which is crowded teeth can result in abnormal wear of enamel and may result in tooth sensitivity. This includes chewing tobacco, smoking, toothpick-chewing, biting of teeth, and more.
  • Tooth Whitening – Improper or excessive use of teeth whitening products can result in sensitivity problems and irritated gums.

Treatments for Tooth Sensitivity

There are various treatments available to correct tooth sensitivity problem. The treatment is practised depending on the cause of tooth sensitivity.

  • Filling or correcting decayed tooth, fracture of the tooth, cracked tooth, or compromised teeth.
  • Definitive periodontal treatment, periodic clean or scale.
  • Receding gums exposed to root surfaces are treated either filling the area with the coloured material or in some situations through a gum surgery.
  • Tooth sensitivity occurring because of braces is addressed by maintaining proper oral hygiene and simple tooth care procedures in most of the cases.
  • It is possible to treat impact cause of sensitivity through night guards, orthodontics, and avoid following habits leading to excessive deposition on teeth.
  • Make sure you use teeth whitening products after following proper instructions. Also, avoid overuse of such products

The most common over-the-counter treatments for tooth sensitivities occurring for non-specific reasons are toothpaste comprising potassium nitrate. Dentists can use desensitizing chemicals, which is one of the general procedures to address sensitive teeth.

If still, you have answers to this dental subject, then contact us or visit us to get more details and insights.

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